WHO 2010 WHO 1999
Semen volume ≥ 1.5 mL ≥ 2 mL
Liquefaction time 60 min < 60 min
Semen viscosity 2 cm < 2 cm
pH ≥ 7.2 ≥ 7.2
Sperm count per 1 ml ≥ 15×106 ≥ 20×106
Sperm count per ejaculate ≥ 39×106 ≥ 40×106
Vitality ≥ 58% ≥ 75%
Morphology (normal forms) ≥ 4% ≥ 14%
Total motility (a+b) ≥ 40% ≥ 50%
Progressive motility (a) ≥ 32% ≥ 25%
Leukocytes 1×106/mL < 1×106/mL
MAR-test 50% < 50%

Calculator

Sperm count calculator



Minimum requirements for fertility (WHO 2010):
> 624 200
Total motility (Normal forms)
> 499 200
Progressive motility (Normal forms)
---

Semen volume

normospermia - normal semen volume
aspermia - no semen (no or retrograde ejaculation)
hypospermia - Semen volume < 1.5 mL
hyperspermia - Semen volume > 6 mL
leuko(cyto)spermia, pyospermia - Leukocytes > 1x106/mL

Sperm count

normozoospermia - normal sperm
azoospermia - no spermatozoa in semen (confirmed after centrifugation)
necrozoospermia - dead or immobile sperms
teratozoospermia - abnormal morphology
asthenozoospermia - reduced sperm motility
asthenoteratozoospermia - reduced sperm motility, abnormal morphology
oligozoospermia - few spermatozoa in semen
oligoteratozoospermia - few spermatozoa in semen, abnormal morphology
oligoasthenozoospermia - few spermatozoa in semen, reduced sperm motility
oligoasthenoteratozoospermia - few spermatozoa in semen, reduced sperm motility, abnormal morphology
cryptozoospermia - "hidden sperm" (spermatozoa found only after centrifugation)
cryptoteratozoospermia - "hidden sperm" (spermatozoa found only after centrifugation), abnormal morphology
cryptoasthenozoospermia - "hidden sperm" (spermatozoa found only after centrifugation), reduced sperm motility
cryptoasthenoteratozoospermia - "hidden sperm" (spermatozoa found only after centrifugation), reduced sperm motility, abnormal morphology
polyzoospermia - high concentration (>250000000/ml)



  1. i Doctor,

    I run a semen test and the result shows some statistics I don’t understand. And I have to wait for another two weeks before I meet with my doctor. See the result below, I really need somebody to help interpret this before, I collapse…

    Total volume: 2ml
    Color: creamy
    Viabilities: after 1hr
    Viscosity: Hypoviscid
    PH: 8.0
    Liquefication Time: <20-30min
    Leukocyte Concentration: 25%
    MORPHOLOGY: Normal – 20%
    Abnormal Curve Neck – 30%
    Big head – 30%
    Long tail – 20%

    Motility: Active motile – 20%
    Sluggish – 10%
    Non-motile – 70%

    Total Count: 1.0×10^6ml (50-150)

  2. Hi Doctor,

    I run a semen test and the result shows some statistics I don’t understand. And I have to wait for another two weeks before I meet with my doctor. See the result below, I really need somebody to help interpret this before, I collapse…

    Total volume: 2ml
    Color: creamy
    Viabilities: after 1hr
    Viscosity: Hypoviscid
    PH: 8.0
    Liquefication Time: <20-30min
    Leukocyte Concentration: 25%
    MORPHOLOGY: Normal – 20%
    Abnormal Curve Neck – 30%
    Big head – 30%
    Long tail – 20%

    Motility: Active motile – 20%
    Sluggish – 10%
    Non-motile – 70%

    Total Count: 1.0×10^6ml (50-150)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *